India has pipped the Netherlands to move into the list of top ten countries in terms of total gold reserves. According to the World Gold CouncilIndia has gold reserves totalling 618.2 tonnes, which is marginally higher than the Netherlands’ reserves of 612.5 tonnes.
Interestingly, in terms of individual countries, India actually ranks ninth since the International Monetary Fund (IMF) occupies the third position after the U.S. and Germany.
  1. According to the latest release by the World Gold CouncilU.S. leads the country list with total gold reserves of 8,133.5 tonnes followed by Germany with 3,366.8 tonnes.
  2. While the IMF is ranked third with a holding of 2,451.8 tonnes, it is followed by countries such as Italy (2,451.8 tonnes), France (2,436.1 tonnes), Russia (2,219.2 tonnes), China (1,936.5 tonnes), Switzerland (1,040 tonnes) and Japan (765.2 tonnes) before India at the 10th spot.
  3. India’s entry into the list of top ten countries comes at a time when the quantum of monthly purchases is the lowest in over three years.
  4. Net purchases [of a tonne or more] in July amounted to a relatively modest 13.1 tonnes. This is 90% less than June and the lowest level of monthly net purchases since August 2017, said World Gold Council.
  5. Incidentally, the holding data for most countries is as of July 2019 as the compilation is typically reported with a lag of two months.
  6. Previously, when the WGC reported the country-wise reserves in March, India’s gold holding was pegged at 607 tonnes.
  7. India’s gold reserves have grown substantially in the past couple of decades from 357.8 tonnes in the first quarter of 2000 to the current 618.2 tonnes.
  8. India’s neighbour Pakistan has seen its standing unchanged at the 45th position with total gold reserves of 64.6 tonnes.
  1. The World Gold Council or the WGC is a nonprofit association of the world's leading gold producers. 
  2. A market development organization for the gold industry, the World Gold Council includes 25 members and many members are gold mining companies. 
  3. The WGC was established to promote the use of and demand for gold through marketing, research and lobbying. Headquartered in London, the WGC covers the markets which comprise about three-quarters of the world's annual gold consumption.
  4. The WGC is an advocate for gold consumption. The WGC aims to maximize the industry's potential growth by monitoring and defending existing gold consumption. 
  5. It also co-sponsors research in the development of new uses of gold, or of new products containing gold.