ENGINEER’S DAY IN INDIA
Engineers’ Day is celebrated on September 15 every year in India commemorating the birthday of one of the greatest engineers in India so far and a great human being Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya, popularly known as Sir MV.
2017 THEME OF ENGINEER DAY- The theme of Engineers Day in India 2017 is “Role of Engineers in a Developing India”. India has a strong, diversified and well-developed industrial machinery and capital base competent enough to manufacture the complete range of industrial machinery. The industry has also been able to successfully develop over the years advanced and developed manufacturing technology. Among all the developing countries, India is one of the prime exporters of light and heavy engineering goods. India produces a wide range of items. The bulk of capital goods required for mining equipment, steel & petrochemical plants, cement, fertilizer, power projects are made in India. The engineers of India are also involved in making equipment for irrigation projects, construction machinery, cotton textile & sugar mill machinery, diesel engines, transport vehicles, tractors, etc. Thus, the role of Engineers in a Developing India is not only diverse but it is also very significant.
SOME OF THE PREVIOUS YEAR THEMES
1. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2016 was “Skill Development for Young Engineers to Reform the Core Sector: Vision 2025”.
2. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2015 was “Engineering Challenges for Knowledge Era”.
3. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2014 was “Making Indian Engineering World-Class”.
4. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2013 was "Frugal Engineering-Achieving More with Fewer Resources”.
5. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2012 was "Engineering Preparedness for Disaster Mitigation."
6. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2011 was “Engineering Preparedness for Disaster Mitigation”.
7. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2010 was “Impending Paradigm Shift in Engineering Sciences and Future Challenges”.
8. The theme of Engineers Day in India 2009 was “Green is the theme for this year."
This year will mark the 49 which was later reused for Tigra Dam (in Madhya Pradesh) and KRS Dam (in Karnataka) as well. For this patent design he was supposed to get a recurring income in the form of royalty but he refused it so that the government could use this money for more developmental projects. Between 1895 and 1905, he worked in different parts of India: anniversary of the Engineers Day in India and 156th birth anniversary of Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya. Sir MV was internationally popular for his brilliance and his great achievement in harnessing water resources in India. This is also important to know that all over the world engineers’ day is celebrated on different dates. Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, known as Sir MV had a flair for complex engineering problems and nation building. It is to honour his achievements and contribution towards the country that India celebrates Engineer's Day on his birthday, 15 September. After topping the Poona College of Engineering he was directly ( without any interview) recruited by Government of Bombay and appointed as Assistant Engineer in Public Works Department. He created automatic sluice gates
- In Hyderabad, he improved the drainage system.
- In Bombay, he introduced block system of irrigation and water weir flood gates.
- In Bihar and Orissa, he was a part of the building railway bridges project and water supply schemes.
- In Mysore, he supervised the construction of KRS dam, the then Asia's biggest dam.
He was offered Dewanship (Prime Minister position) of Mysore in 1908 and given full responsibility of all the development projects. Under his Dewanship Mysore saw major transformation in the realms of Agriculture, Irrigation, Industrialization, Education , Banking and Commerce.He was conferred with India's highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in 1955 for his contribution towards engineering.He was not only praised by the Indian government but also received honorary awards and memberships from all over the world.
Different cities have different methods of celebrating Engineer’s Day. Engineering is a vast field with different specialization such as electrical, technical, computer, mechanical, etc and thus different departments call for celebration in different style. The celebration methods may also vary from company to company. While government companies follow the annual theme for the Engineers’ day, private companies may either follow the theme or may decide their own theme. Engineers play a great role in the advancement and economic growth of any company and thus it doesn’t matter how they celebrate the annual day, the important part is that they must rejoice the annual function to keep motivated themselves and continue with the great work they do for general public.
First Woman Engineer
She Born in the year 1922 in Karnataka, Rajeshwari had the privilege of receiving primary education under a ‘special English school’ founded by her grandmother. Following the culmination of her schooling, she made it to the Central College of Bangalore, where she pursued B.Sc (Hons) and M.Sc degrees in Mathematics. Such was her dedication and earnestness towards learning that she ended up ranking first under Mysore University for both undergraduate and postgraduate degrees.She was also awarded the Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar Award, M.T. Narayana Iyengar Prize and the Walters Memorial Prize, respectively, for her performances in the B.Sc and M.Sc examinations. After the completion of her M.Sc, she joined the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, as a research student in the then Electrical Technology Department in the area of Communication in 1943.Selected as a ‘bright student’ by the Government of Delhi and given a scholarship to go abroad to pursue higher studies in 1946, Rajeshwari decided to head to the United States. Back in the time when it was considered to be quite scandalous for Indian women to go abroad for the pursuit of higher education, the young woman let no barrier mar her determination.
A month short of India gaining its independence, Rajeshwari set sail for the US and reached her destination in a month. Here, she was admitted to the University of Michigan and gained her Master’s degree from the Department of Electrical Engineering. Under the guidelines of the contract that she had signed with the Government of India, Rajeshwari underwent eight months of practical training in the Division of Radio Frequency Measurements at the National Bureau of Standards in Washington D.C.Finishing which, she headed back to the University of Michigan and resumed her scholarly studies. In early 1953, she obtained her PhD degree for which she received the guidance of Professor William G. Dow. After completing her PhD and receiving the degree, Rajeshwari returned to the homeland and joined the Department of Electrical Communication Engineering at IISc in 1953 – this time as a faculty member.In the same year she married Sisir Kumar Chatterjee, who was also one of the faculty members at the institute. The couple had a daughter, Indira Chatterjee, who is now a Professor of Electrical and Biomedical Engineering at the University of Nevada, USA.After their wedding, the husband-wife started research in the field of Microwave Engineering, which at the time was a pioneering research in India. They soon built a microwave research laboratory.During the same period, she went on to become a professor at IISc, and eventually became the Chairman in the Department of Electrical Communication Engineering. Her areas of teaching expertise included electromagnetic theory, electron tube circuits and microwave technology.
Actively interested in research, Rajeshwari spent many years of her life mentoring almost 20 PhD students and wrote over 100 research papers along with seven books related to microwave engineering and antennae.For her contribution and works in the field of microwave engineering, the great engineer was bestowed with many awards and recognition, including the Mountbatten prize from the Institute of Electrical and Radio Engineering in UK, J.C Bose Memorial prize from the Institution of Engineers and Ramlal Wadhwa Award for the best research and teaching work from the Institute of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers. Acknowledging her groundbreaking contribution to the field of microwave and antennae engineering in the country, the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development named her as one of the ‘first women achievers of India’ and posthumously awarded the recognition on Wednesday.The Electrical Communication Engineering Department is honoured to be part of Prof. Rajeshwari Chatterjee’s journey in pursuit of excellence in engineering.
Sir MV is highly respected and recognized as a man of values. He is known as the perfectionist; the one who completed even the smallest of the tasks flawlessly and with utmost perfection. He was very punctual and popular for his dressing sense. His determination, courage and will power converted many impossible projects into reality. Sir MV was very health conscious; even at the age of 92, he was as fit as a young man and participated in every activity and proceeding. The great personality Sir MV left for his heavenly abode in the year 1962.Due to his great contributions, Sir MV received India’s highest honor and the most prestigious award, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ in 1955. King George V also knighted him as the Commander of the Indian Empire for his innumerable contributions to the benefit of the public and social cause.
Significance of Engineer’s Day
Engineers’ day is celebrated for the great works of Sir MV towards the development of various places which are the most developed cities of today’s India. Sir MV is an international hero, recognized for his mastermind in harnessing water resources; he had successfully designed and constructed several river dams, bridges and revolutionized the irrigation system in India by implementing irrigation and drinking water system all over India. Among all the developing countries, India is one of the prime exporters of light and heavy engineering goods. India produces a wide range of items. The bulk of capital goods required for mining equipment, steel & petrochemical plants, cement, fertilizer, power projects are made in India. The engineers of India are also involved in making equipment for irrigation projects, construction machinery, cotton textile & sugar mill machinery, diesel engines, transport vehicles, tractors, etc. Thus, the role of Engineers in a developing India is not only diverse, but it is also very significant.
Engineers have been the most instrumental characters for the development of any nation. India is achieving great recognition as a developing nation in the international world and this has been possible due to the significant role of Indian Engineers. Sir MV was one such engineer who changed the face of irrigation system, water resource system and several other things.Engineers are the professionals who design, build and test the construction, raw materials and process of the project; they also consider the restrictions imposed by the regulation, feasibility, safety and cost of the project. Engineers play a very significant role in every walk of our lives. They convert the theoretical knowledge of basic sciences into actual products and thus make our lives easy. Engineers possess versatile minds and help in filling the gap between science, technology and the community. Engineers in India contribute greatly to the nation’s technological and industrial growth.