NFHS - 4
Urban India fares worse than the rural parts of the country in terms of sex-ratio, both overall and at birth, according to the latest national health survey.
The overall sex-ratio for the country is 991, while in rural India it was 1009 and in urban areas 956, according to the National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4) for 2015-16. The sex-ratio at birth in the past five years has improved marginally from 914 to 919 girls per 1,000 boys but in urban India it was as low as 899.
- In Haryana, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi had launched the 'Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao' campaign, the overall child sex-ratio at birth in the past five years was 836, up from 762 in 2005-2006. But in urban Haryana it is as low as 785.
- The survey found that there are 876 women per 1000 men in Haryana, but in the state's urban areas the ratio of women is to men is 846:1000.
- In contrast to Haryana, the gender in Madhya Pradesh has widened. The sex-ratio at birth for the children born in the last five years has dropped to 927 from 960 while in urban areas it was 899.
- Total sex-ratio in Madhya Pradesh is at 973, while in the urban part of the state it has been recorded at 933.
- The sex-ratio at birth for children born in the last five years has improved from 847 in 2005-2006 to 887 in 2015-2016 in Rajasthan.
- The urban Rajasthan, however, has fallen behind the state average as it stood ten years ago and recorded a sex-ratio at birth at 845.
- In Bihar, though, the figure for sex-ratio at birth in urban parts is higher than the state's average. In urban areas of the state it is 942, while the state's average was 934.
- The gender gap in urban areas and in the rest of the state was quite stark in Assam where the sex-ratio at birth for children born in the last five years for the entire state was 929, whereas for urban Assam it is 794.