The Union Cabinet approved a bill to provide up to 10% reservation to Jammu and Kashmir’s economically weaker sections (EWS) in jobs and educational institutions. J&K is currently under President’s rule and hence the Union Cabinet had to approve the quota in state government jobs and admissions. The bill is expected to be tabled in Parliament soon as the proposed legislation cannot be brought before the state assembly, which stands dissolved.
 
 
What 
  1. The bill was approved in the Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019, will pave the way for all residents of the state with income below Rs 8 lakh per annum to benefit from the `per reservation.
  2. This will be in addition to such reservation available in central government jobs. The 10% reservation for EWS was introduced in the country through the 103rd Constitution amendment in January this year. Several state governments have implemented the reservation since then.
  3. Earlier this month, Parliament passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Bill, 2019, to replace the ordinance in effect since March this year. 
Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019 
  1. The Bill provides for reservation in appointment and promotions in certain state government posts to persons belonging to socially and educationally backward classes.  
  2. It defines socially and educationally backward classes to include persons living in areas adjoining the Actual Line of Control. The Bill amends this to include those persons living in areas adjoining the International Border, within the ambit of this reservation.  
  3. Further, the Bill states that any person who has been appointed on the basis of residence in an area adjoining the Line of Control, must serve in such areas for at least seven years.  The Bill extends this condition to persons living in areas adjoining the International Border as well.