UPSC IAS Prelims Exam: 6 Major Women Empowerment Schemes
Women and children are considered a significant part of Indian society and to empower them, the government of India has launched many welfare schemes. Looking at the past examination papers and experts’ recommendations, it is likely that in the prelims examination of UPSC, questions about government schemes will be asked. This article is helpful to know the 6 major women empowerment schemes currently in operation in India and which might be asked in the next UPSC Prelims examination.
Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao Scheme
To empower the women section of society which counts for around half of the population in the country, the government of India has launched the scheme of “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” Yojna. In this scheme, the objective of the Indian government is to save the girl child and empower them by providing a good education. Leaving aside metro cities and towns, in many villages of India, people are reluctant towards the good education of females. This scheme fights against the orthodox mentality of such Indians.
The government follows the mantra of “Beta Beti Ek Samaan”. This scheme was launched on 22nd January 2015. The beneficiaries under this scheme are all the female children. The aim of this scheme is -
- To eliminate sex discrimination on the basis of gender.
- To ensure that every girl child survives.
- The government makes sure that every girl child in the country gets at least basic education.
One Stop Centre
The beneficiaries under this scheme are, of course, all women and girls in the country. We Indians have reached Mars and Moon but still, women are taken for granted in our country and are not even equally respected as men at several places. To eradicate this mentality and punish such people who think that women are good to be beaten by men, this scheme of “One Stop Centre” has been launched by the government of India. The Objective of the scheme is -
- To provide and ensure support and protection in public and private places against violence. Public and private places include home, workplace, gym, mall, or any other place in the country.
- To offer spontaneous help in an emergency and non-emergency situations. This help can be anything like medical, legal, counseling, services.
Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)
Women are treated like goddesses in our country. And being a mother is a great blessing for a woman. To ensure safe delivery and proper lactation in women, the government of India has come up with this scheme. The beneficiaries under this scheme include Pregnant and lactating Women and the objective of this scheme is -
- During pregnancy, the government under this scheme ensures that pregnant ladies get appropriate care, attention, and institutional service for the safe delivery of a child.
- Sometimes due to lack of awareness, women do not do breastfeeding of their newborn babies. The government through this scheme has ensured that young ones get proper mother’s milk for at least 6 months since they were born.
- Under this scheme, beneficiary ladies also get financial assistance.
This scheme is framed for providing basic amenities to women. Not just that, it also aims to provide moral and emotional support to women in the country. The objective of the scheme is -
- The government is concerned about providing support to underprivileged women in the form of food, clothing, medical care.
- Give them emotional and financial support.
- Give them legal direction and guidance to exercise their lawful rights.
- To act as their moral support and provide all means to restart their life after emotional and financial damage.
Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme for the Children of Working Mothers
This scheme is specially developed for working mothers. The beneficiaries under this scheme are both women and their children. The objective of the scheme is -
- Provide day-care services to children of working women.
- To ensure that children are not deprived of any well-being
- Impart physical, social, and intellectual education to the children.
This scheme is framed to protect crime against women and human trafficking in the country. Looking at the increasing sexual exploitation in the country, the government of India has taken the initiative to protect and empower the women population of the country. The objective of the scheme is -
- To prevent the trafficking of women and children and protect them from commercial sexual exploitation and begging activity.
- To provide recovery services to unfortunate women and children who are suffering from such trauma.
- To encourage rehabilitation of the women who are detached from the family.
- Also, provide cross border help to victims.
So these are the 6 empowerment schemes by the government that UPSC students should prepare.