How to Prepare UPSC Sindhi Language Paper 

Sindhis are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group who speak the Sindhi language and are native to the Sindh region. Sindhi is derived from the Virachada dialect variant of the Arabic script and Devnagari Script. 

Approx 90 percent of Sindhis of India follow the Hindu religion, Although Sindhi Sikhs are a prominent minority, of around 5 to 10 percent. The Sindhi language is recognized as one of the 22 languages included in the eighth schedule in the constitution of India.

In modern-day Pakistan after the partition of India in 1947, many Sindhi Hindus and Sindhi Sikhs migrated to the newly independent Dominion Of India and other parts of the world. Pakistani Sindhis are predominantly Muslim with a very small Sikh and Hindu minority, whereas Indian Sindhis are predominantly Hindu with a considerable Sikh, Jain, and Muslim population. 

The success rate of candidates opting for the literature subjects is consistently rising. Everyone is aware of the importance of the optional subject in the UPSC Mains exams. 

Before opting for an optional subject, candidates must keep a few things in mind. What is the current demand and scope of the subjects, and how much effort do they need to put in to get a good score in the optional subject. 

Tips to Prepare for the UPSC Sindhi language papers

Go through the syllabus of the optional subject thoroughly. 

  • Prepare a study plan.
  • Identify the standard books and notes required to prepare for this subject. 
  • Work on timeline and deadlines. 
  • Prepare your notes for preparation. 
  • Practice previous year’s question papers.
  • Give mock exams.  



(Answers must be written in Sindhi (Arabic or Devanagari Script)) 

 Section A

  • Origin and evolution of Sindhi language—views of different scholars. 
  • Significant linguistic features of Sindhi language, including those pertaining to its phonology, morphology and syntax.
  • Major dialects of the Sindhi language.
  • Sindhi vocabulary—stages of its growth, including those in the pre-partition and post-partition periods.
  • Historical study of various Writing Systems (Scripts) of Sindhi.
  • Changes in the structure of Sindhi language in India, after partition, due to influence of other 113 Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. languages and social conditions.  

Section B 

  1. Sindhi literature through the ages in context of socio-cultural conditions in the respective periods:  
  • Early medieval literature upto 1350 A.D. including folk literature. 
  • Late medieval period from 1350 A.D. to 1850 A.D. 
  • Renaissance period from 1850 A.D. to 1947 A.D. 
  • Modern period from 1947 and onwards. (Literary genres in Modern Sindhi literature and experiments in poetry, drama, novel, short story, essay, literary criticism, biography, autobiography, memoirs and travelogues).  


Answer must be written in Sindhi (Arabic or Devanagari script) 

Section A 

References to context and critical appreciation of the texts are included in this section.


  •  ‘‘Shah Jo Choond Shair’’ : ed. H.I. Sadarangani, Published by Sahitya Akademi (First 100 pages). 
  •  ‘‘Sachal Jo Choond Kalam’’ : ed. Kalyan B. Advani Published by Sahitya Akademi (Kafis only). 
  • ‘‘Sami-a-ja Choond Sloka’’ : ed. B.H. Nagrani Published by Sahitya Akademi (First 100 pages). 
  • ‘‘Shair-e-Bewas’’ : by Kishinchand Bewas(“Saamoondi Sipoon’’ portion only). 
  • ‘‘Roshan Chhanvro’’ : Narayan Shyam. 
  • ‘‘Virhange Khapoi je Sindhi Shair jee Choond’’ : ed. H.I. Sadarangani, published by Sahitya Akademi. 


  • ‘‘Behtareen Sindhi Natak’’ (One-act Plays) : Edited by M. Kamal Published by Gujarat Sindhi Academy. 
  • ‘‘Kako Kaloomal’’ (Full-length Play ) : by Madan Jumani. 

 Section B 

References to context and critical appreciation of the texts included in this section.  

  •  ‘Pakheeara Valar Khan Vichhrya’ (Novel) : by Gobind Malhi.
  • ‘Sat Deenhan’ (Novel) : by Krishin Khatwani. 
  • ‘Choond Sindhi Kahanyoon’ (Short Stories) Vol. III. : Edited by Prem Prakash, published by Sahitya Akademi. 
  •  ‘Bandhan’ (Short Stories) : Sundari Uttamchandani. 
  • ‘Behtareen Sindhi Mazmoon’ (Essays): Edited by Hiro Thakur, published by Gujarat Sindhi Academi. 
  • ‘Sindhi Tanqeed’ (Criticism) : Edited by Harish Vaswani : Published by Sahitya Akademi. 114 Government strives to have a workforce which reflects gender balance and women candidates are encouraged to apply. 
  • ‘Mumhinjee Hayati-a-ja Sona Ropa varqa’ (Autobiography) : by Popati Hiranandani. 
  • ‘‘Dr. Choithram Gidwani’’ (Biography) : by Vishnu Sharma.

 Choose the best Reference books 

  1. Sami-a-ja Choond Sloka ed. B.H.
  2. Shair-e-Bewas by Kishinchand Bewas.
  3. Shah Jo Choond Shair ed. H.I. Sadarangani, Published by Sahitya Akademi.
  4. Virhange Khanpoije Sindhi Shair jee Choond ed. H.I.
  5. Sachal Jo Choond Kalam ed. Kalyan B.
  6. Roshan Chhanvro by Narayan Shyam.

Prepare a study plan 

  • Make a monthly, weekly, and daily plan based on the number of hours you have in a day to devote to preparation. 
  • Stick to this plan modifying it when needed.
  • Usually, it takes around 3-4 months to complete the optional subjects so use this time wisely. 
  • Make a list of your weak part. 
  • Set the time for your Sindhi language paper preparations. 

Practice the previous year’s Mains exam question papers:

  • Use the previous year’s papers as your guide to predicting the questions that can be asked in the future. 
  • UPSC has a tendency to repeat questions by changing certain keywords. 
  • Candidates who have a strong grip on the past papers have higher chances of scoring good marks in the actual examination.

Who can go for the Sindhi language paper for IAS Exam?

Sindhi is one of the optional in the UPSC IAS main exam. As an optional subject, candidates can opt for the Sindhi language if they have graduated in the literature of Sindhi language as the main subject. It is highly recommended for people who are good at the language. The syllabus is more or less static and limited.  

If the candidate is creative and has a good conceptual understanding of the subject this optional is good for them. Good writing skill is also required.

Preparation tips for candidates 

  • Clear the basic concepts of the Sindhi language to handle Paper 2.
  • Every language demands good writing skills, so don’t forget to work on it.
  • Attempt the essay question at least with at least 40 minutes to spare. Write it in a simple and effective language. Write the essay after winding up the other sections. so, candidates write and elaborate the essay accordingly, without wasting time. 
  • Developing a reading habit of newspapers of the Sindhi language, at least 15-20 minutes every day improves writing skills and gives students the awareness of the recent and modern writing patterns of their language and vocabulary.