Important Tips to Tackle the Compulsory Indian Language Paper in UPSC Main
List of language papers for IAS, UPSC examination
The mains stage of the UPSC examination consists of 9 papers. 2 out of these papers are language papers, and the marks obtained in these papers are not included in the candidate's final score.
Candidates can choose any language from the 22 languages mentioned in Schedule eighth of the constitution as the first language paper. While the other language paper is English. Both the papers are qualifying in nature. A candidate needs 25% marks or 75 marks out of 300 to qualify these papers.
Since these papers' difficulty level is equivalent to the Matriculation level, candidates are not expected to prepare extensively for these papers
List of 22 Indian languages for the IAS Paper A examination :
Language and their scripts -
- Assamese - Assamese
- Bengali - Bengali
- Gujarati - Gujarati
- Hindi - Devanagiri
- Kannada - Kannada
- Kashmiri - Persian
- Konkani - Devnagari
- Malayalam - Malayalam
- Manipuri - Bengali
- Marathi - Devnagari
- Nepali - Devnagari
- Odia - Odia
- Punjabi - Gurmukhi
- Sanskrit - Devanagari
- Sindhi - Devnagari or Arabic
- Tamil - Tamil
- Telugu - Telugu
- Urdu - Persian
- Bodo - Devnagari
- Dogri - Devnagari
- Maithili - Devnagari
- Santhali - Devnagari or Olchiki
For Candidates who appear for the examination in the Santhali language, their paper is printed in the Devnagari Script. But, they are free to write the paper in any of the scripts between Devnagari and Olchiki
Question paper for the examination - Conventional
Total marks of the paper - 300
Number of Hours - 3 Hours.
Paper A Pattern in UPSC examination -
- Comprehension of the Passages - 60 Marks
- Precise Writing - 60 Marks
- Usage of Grammar 40 marks
- Short Essays - 100 Marks
- Translation from Indian language to English and English to Indian language 20 + 20 = 40 marks
Tips for Writing Paper A of the IAS examination -
- Go through the past 5 years' question papers to understand the nature of the questions asked.
- Focus on Important topics.
- Go through the Question paper properly before starting writing the exam.
- Firstly solve that type of question you are clear, comfortable, sure, and confident about.
- This is a language paper; make sure that your grammar skills don’t let you down. Because here you have to write essays, passages, translation, and precise writing, where your grammar will be noticed.
- If your grammar isn’t your strength, then don’t go for this in the first place. Firstly, write a comprehension passage.
- Write an essay in the end with a free mind in simple but effective language.
- Avoid Grammatical and spelling mistakes in your paper.
For the detailed syllabus of the respective language papers, please refer to the official notification of the UPSC https://www.upsc.gov.in/sites/default/files/Notif-CSP-22-engl-020222F.pdf