UPSC Maithili Literature Syllabus 2022

Maithili Literature paper syllabus is released by the UPSC through their official notification., it’s time for the candidates to get familiar with the syllabus as the IAS (UPSC CSE) exam 2022 date is announced. Students have enough time for the revision of what they prepare. The Syllabus is comprised of all the important topics from which questions are going to ask in the examination. 

Hence, we will suggest you to cover all the topics and do not leave any topic from the syllabus because each-and-every topic is equally important from an exam point of view. 

Here, you will get complete insights of the Maithili literature syllabus, which is optional subject. 

The Maithili language is recognized as one of the 22nd languages of India It is one of the three main languages of Bihar State including Magdahi and Bhojpuri. It is the language of old Mithila ( the area of the ancient Videha, currently Tirhut). It is an Indo-Aryan language of the Indo-European language family. It is also the only Bihari language with a script of its own, named Tirhuta, this language has a vigorous history. 

Vidyapati, One of the earliest and most celebrated writers in Maithili, is noted for lyrics of love and devotion. 

UPSC Maithili language paper: Undoubtedly, in the present circumstances, the demand and success rate of Literature subjects are consequentially raised. Aspirants are well aware of the importance of the Maithili language as optional subject in the UPSC mains exam. Only fewer students take literature subjects as optional. The one factor of a higher chances of better scoring in the said language paper is because of limited syllabus.

UPSC Maithili Literature Syllabus 2022




History of Maithili Language 

  1. Place of Maithili in Indo-European Language family. 
  2. Origin and development of Maithili language. (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Avhatt, Maithili) 
  3. Periodic division of Maithili Language. (Beginning, Middle era, Modern era). 
  4. Maithili and its different dialects. 
  5. Relationship between Maithili and other Eastern languages (Bengali, Asamese, Oriya) 
  6. Origin and Development of Tirhuta Script. 
  7. Pronouns and Verbs in Maithili Language. 


History of Maithili Literature 

  1. Background of Maithili Literature (Religious, Economic, Social, Cultural).
  2. Periodic division of Maithili literature. 
  3. Pre-Vidyapati Literature. 
  4. Vidyapati and his tradition. 
  5. Medieval Maithili Drama (Kirtaniya Natak, Ankia Nat, Maithili dramas written in Nepal). 
  6. Maithili Folk Literature (Folk Tales, Folk Drama, Folk Stories, Folk Songs). 
  7. Development of different literary forms in modern era : 
    1. Prabandh-kavya 
    2. Muktak-kavya
    3. Novel 
    4. Short Story
    5. Drama
    6. Essay
    7. Criticism
    8. Memoirs
    9. Translation 
  8. Development of Maithili Magazines and Journals. 


The paper will require first-hand reading of the prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates. 



  1. Vidyapati Geet-Shati—Publisher: Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (Lyrics1 to 50) 
  2. Govind Das Bhajanavali—Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (Lyrics-1 to 25) 3. Krishnajanm—Manbodh 
  3. Mithilabhasha Ramayana—Chanda Jha (only Sunder-Kand) 
  4. Rameshwar Charit Mithila Ramayan—Lal Das (only Bal-kand) 
  5. Keechak-Vadh—Tantra Nath Jha. 
  6. Datta-Vati—Surendra Jah ‘Suman’ (only 1st and 2nd Cantos). 
  7. Chitra-Yatri 
  8. Samakaleen Maithili Kavita—Publisher: Sahitaya Akademi, New Delhi.


  1. Varna Ratnakar—Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol) 
  2. Khattar Kakak Tarang—Hari Mohan Jha 
  3. Lorik—Vijaya Manipadma 
  4. Prithvi Putra—Lalit 
  5. Bhaphait Chahak Jinagi—Sudhanshu ‘Shekhar’ Choudhary 
  6. Kriti Rajkamlak—Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (First Ten Stories only)