Difference in Group A & Group B of Civil Services

What's The Difference in Group A & Group B of Civil Services

Indian Civil services are divided into 2 groups viz., Group A and Group B. Both the groups are gazetted. Many of the UPSC students are not aware of the difference between Group A vs Group B in UPSC. This webpage consists of all the details that help anyone to locate differences in Group A vs Group B in UPSC exams.

Recruitment & Appointment

Recruitment and appointment of officers in Group A and Group B are made through different authorities and examinations are taken. Here are the details for both the groups.

Recruitment & Appointment in Group A

The recruitment of officers in Group A of civil services examination is made through conducting the following examinations. All the appointments of officers selected through passing the Group A exams are appointed by the President of India.

  • Civil Services Examination
  • Engineering Services Examination
  • Combined Geo-Scientist and Geologist Examination
  • E.S./I.S.S. Examination
  • Combined Medical Services Examination
  • Central Armed Police Forces of Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

Recruitment & Appointment in Group B

The recruitment of officers in Group B of civil services examination is made through conducting the combined graduate level examination. You can say CGLE in short. SSC (Staff Selection Commission) conducts examination for Group B. The officers of Group B are appointed by authorities specified by the President of India through any specified or general order.

Appointment and Promotion

Appointments and promotions of officers in Group A vs Group B in UPSC are made by different authorities. Only the authorized wings of the government can make the appointment of the officers in respective groups.

Salary, Appointment, and Promotion of Group A officers in Civil Services

The appointment of Group A officers is directly made by the president of India. Group A officers usually get 6 -8 promotions in their full career of civil services. Promotions in Group A are time-restricted. At the beginning of Group A, officers are appointed as Assistant Executive Engineer and can be promoted up to the designation of ADG or DG. However, an IAS officer starts as an SDM and achieve the position of Secretary to the Government of India. The salary of officers appointed in Group A is higher than Group B.

Salary, Appointment, and Promotion of Group B officers in Civil Services

Conversely, Group B services and officers are slow in their career growth but here promotions are not time-restricted. However, they receive less promotion in their full career, which is a maximum of 3 or 4, if lucky or performs extraordinarily. If you take an example, a group B officer starts from Assistant Engineer and left services upon retirement as an Executive Engineer. The salary of officers appointed in Group B is lesser than Group A.

List of Services Covered in Group A vs Group B in UPSC exams

Services covered under both groups are different. Services that are placed in Group A are higher than that of Group B. Also, there is a difference in salary and pay scale according to the services and their designation. Here’s the complete list of all the services covered in Group A vs Group B in UPSC

List of Services in Group A

  • Border Roads Engineering Services (BRES)
  • Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
  • Border Security Force Health Service (BSFHS)
  • Central Architects Service (CAS)
  • Central Engineering (Civil) Service (CES (Civil))
  • Central Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical) Service (CES (E&M))
  • Central Engineering Service (Roads) (CES (Roads))
  • Central Geological Service (CGS)
  • Central Health Service (CHS)
  • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
  • Central Labour Service (CLS)
  • Central Power Engineering Service (CPES)
  • Central Reserve Police Health Service (CRPHS)
  • Central Secretariat Service (CSS)
  • Central Water Engineering Service (CWES)
  • Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service (DAQAS)
  • Defense Quality Assurance Service (DQAS)
  • Defense Research & Development Service (DRDS)
  • Geological Survey of India Chemical Service (GSICS)
  • Geological Survey of India Engineering Service (GSIES)
  • Geological Survey of India Geophysical Service (GSIGS)
  • Indian Audits and Accounts Service (IA&AS)
  • Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
  • Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
  • Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS)
  • Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS)
  • Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)
  • Indian Defense Service of Engineers (IDSE)
  • Indian Economic Service (IES)
  • Indian Engineering Services (IES)
  • Indian Enterprise Development Service (IEDS)
  • Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
  • Indian Information Service (IIS)
  • Indian Inspection Service (IIS)
  • Indian Legal Service (ILS)- General Central Service (GCS)
  • Indian Meteorological Service (IMS)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
  • Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS)
  • Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Service (IPESS)
  • Indian Postal Service (IPoS)
  • Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)
  • Indian Naval Armament Service (INAS)
  • Indian Naval Material Management Service (INMMS)
  • Indian Radio Regulatory Service (IRRS)
  • Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)
  • Indian Railway Medical Services (IRMS)
  • Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)
  • Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE)
  • Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE)
  • Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME)
  • Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE)
  • Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS)
  • Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
  • Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT / C&CE)
  • Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS)
  • Indian Statistical Service (ISS)
  • Indian Supply Service (ISS)
  • Indian Telecommunication Service (ITS)
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
  • Indo-Tibetan Border Police Health Service (ITBPHS)
  • Indian Trade Service (ITrS)
  • Railway Protection Force (RPF)
  • Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
  • Survey of India Service (SIS)
  • Agricultural Research Service(ARS)
  • Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Service (IPESS)

 List of Services in Group B

  • Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services
  • Botanical Survey of India
  • Central Electrical Engineering Service
  • Central Engineering Service
  • Central Excise Service
  • Central Health Service
  • Central Power Engineering Service
  • Central Secretariat Official Language Service
  • Central Secretariat Service (Section and Assistant Section Officers Grade only)
  • Customs Appraisers Service (Principal Appraisers and Head Appraisers)
  • Customs Preventive Service (Chief Inspectors)
  • Defense Secretariat Service
  • DANICS
  • DANIPS
  • Geological Survey of India
  • Indian Foreign Service (General Cadre, Grade I and General Cadre, Grade II only)
  • Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service, Telecommunication Wing.
  • Indian Posts & Telegraphs Accounts & Finance Service, Postal Wing
  • Income Tax Service
  • Indian Salt Service
  • India Meteorological Service
  • Survey of India
  • Postal Superintendents’ Service
  • Postmasters’ Service
  • Railway Board Secretariat Service (SO and ASO only)
  • Telecommunication Engineering Service
  • Telegraphs Traffic Service
  • Zoological Survey of India