UNSC Resolution Addresses Key Concerns on Afghanistan

Despite the abstention of two “P5” countries — Russia and China — from the India-led United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 2593, the Government of India said it was a “matter of satisfaction” that the resolution addressed India’s “key concerns” on Afghanistan.

 Important Points: 

  • According to official sources, the resolution called on the Taliban to keep their commitments on preventing terror groups in Afghanistan and urged them to assist the safe evacuations of all Afghan nationals wishing to leave the country.
  • The resolution demands that Afghan territory should not be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter and train terrorists and plan or finance terrorist attacks.

 What is the United Nations Security Council (UNSC)?

The United Nations Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.

According to the Charter, the United Nations has four purposes:

  • to maintain international peace and security;
  • to develop friendly relations among nations;
  • to cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights;
  • and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.

 Security Council Members?

 The Security Council consists of ten elected members, and five permanent members--China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the Russian Federation. India is among the elected members.

 UNSC Voting System: 

  1. Each member of the Security Council shall have one vote.
  2. Decisions of the Security Council on all other matters shall be made by an affirmative vote of nine members including the concurring votes of the permanent members. A party to a dispute shall abstain from voting.
  3. Permanent members have the ‘Right to Veto’.