What is the structure and syllabus of UPSC Prelims examination?

The Examination comprises of two compulsory papers of 200 marks. Both the question papers are of objective type (multiple choice questions). The question papers are set in Hindi and English. Each paper is of two hours duration. The structure and syllabus is as follows:


Paper I - (200 marks)

  • Current events of national and international importance. History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change - that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.


Paper II-(200 marks)-  Qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. — Class X level);


It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.