The ‘Gulbarga tur dal’ (Kalaburagi red gram), renowned for its superior quality the world over, received Geographical Indication (GI) tag from the government. The application was filed by the University of Agriculture Sciences (UAS) Raichur and the Karnataka Red Gram Development Board, with the help of ICRISAT, Intellectual Property Facilitation Centre (IPFC) Hyderabad with Geographical Indications (GI) Registry, in September 2017.
 
 
What
  1. High calcium and potassium content of the soil in Gulbarga tur dal-growing region has been one of the major factors for its suprrior quality. 
  2. According to soil test reports Kalaburagi soil contains 3.6 g/100g calcium and 0.1 g/100g potassium. Whereas the soil sample in Bengaluru contains 0.135 g/100g calcium and 0.045g/100g potassium.
  3. The other test parameters include volume, grain weight after cooking, leachable solid per cent, texture, appearance, colour, flavour, taste, and smell. The tur dal here has a good taste and aroma compared to that grown elsewhere. It also takes less time to cook.
  4. The Agriculture Department and the farmers’ forum, should organise awareness programmes across the district to make farmers aware of the benefits of the GI tag, the GI tag helps red gram growers get a premium price. Besides minimum support price, the farmers growing tur dal of GI standard can increase the price by 10%.
  5. Red gram is the main kharif crop in the Hyderabad Karnataka region. Of the total 9 lakh hectares of red gram cultivated across the State, around 3.7 lakh hectares of the crop is grown in Kalaburagi district alone.
Flashback
  1. A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country).
  2. India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003. 
  3. GIs have been defined under Article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights(TRIPS) Agreement as: "Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin".
  4. The GI tag ensures that none other than those registered as authorised users (or at least those residing inside the geographic territory) are allowed to use the popular product name. 
  5. Darjeeling tea became the first GI tagged product in India in 2004-05.

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