The "strength" of the Indian passport — countries it has visa-free access to — has weakened in the last decade, according to the annual Henley Passport Index. “Visa-free access” in this case means passport holders can also obtain a visa on arrival, a visitor’s permit, or an electronic travel authority when entering the destination. India ranked 86 of 187 countries in 2019, while in 2010 it was ranked 77. Just eight nations were added to its visa-free access list from 2010 to 2019 — lowest among BRICS nations.
- China was ranked 74th in 2019, advancing 14 places between 2010 and 2019. Brazil was ranked 18th in 2019, advancing 10 places in this period.
- Among the BRICS countries which deteriorated were Russia, which was ranked 51st in 2019 (slipping two places), South Africa (seven places) and as mentioned before, India.
- The below visualisation plots the change in ranking of the country between 2010 and 2019 against the country’s rank in 2019.
- Globally, United Arab Emirates bettered its rank by 45 places, the highest. Nigeria and Syria were at the bottom of the table, dropping 20 or more ranks.
- Another measure in the Passport Index is the number of visa-free destinations. Here, Singapore and Japan outperform other countries — these two nations have visa-free access to 189 destinations.
- Indian passport holders have visa-free access to 86 destinations.
- Iraq and Afghanistan passports were at the bottom of the table (but they still have access to over a 100 countries).