Expressing "Concern", Saudi Arabia called for a peaceful settlement of the Jammu and Kashmir issue, in accordance with the relevant international resolutions. Malaysia also underlined the need to respect the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions related to J&K. These two countries of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) did not take sides. Earlier, two other OIC countries — UAE and Maldivesbacked India, saying that its decision on J&K was an “internal issue”.
 
 
What
  1. While expressing its concern over the latest developments, the Kingdom affirms that the settlement of the conflict is through peaceful settlement in accordance with the relevant international resolutions, and calls on the parties concerned to maintain peace and stability in the region and to take into account the interests of the people of the region, said the Saudi statement.
  2. Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad expressed hope that India and Pakistan would exercise “utmost restraint” to prevent further escalation. Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan briefed Mahathir on the situation.
  3. Meanwhile, two powerful Democratic lawmakers in the US asked Pakistan to refrain from any “retaliatory aggression” against India and to take “demonstrable action” against terrorist groups within its territory.
  4. As global reactions pour in, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation appears divided on India’s move on revoking special status to J&K
  5. While the UAE and Maldives had supported India, Saudi Arabia and Malaysia have expressed concern and made nuanced remarks. 
  6. The US, the UK and the EU have also maintained a more neutral stance, even as the UN slammed the change of status and restrictions imposed in Kashmir. Overall, it’s been a mixed bag for New Delhi so far.
  7. India has an opportunity to demonstrate for all its citizens the importance of protecting and promoting equal rights, including freedom of assembly, access to information, and equal protection under the law.
  8. The European Union asked India and Pakistan to re-open dialogue through diplomatic channels. The High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/ Vice-President of the European Commission, Federica Mogherini, also reiterated the EU’s stance of backing a bilateral solution between India and Pakistan on Kashmir.
  9. The European Union supports a bilateral political solution between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, which remains the only way to solve a long-lasting dispute that causes instability and insecurity in the region.
  10. The Secretary-General of UN recalls the 1972 Agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, also known as the Simla Agreement, which states that the final status of Jammu and Kashmir is to be settled by peaceful means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.
Flashback
  1. The Govenment on 5 August 2019 announced scrapping of Article 370 of the Constitution that provides special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir
  2. The state will now be divided into two Union Territories — Ladakh, and Jammu and Kashmir. While the Ladakh UT will be without a legislature, the UT of J&K will be with legislature
  3. Article 370 exempted Jammu & Kashmir from the Indian Constitution (except Article 1 and Article 370 itself) and permitted the state to draft its own Constitution. 
  4. It restricted Parliament’s legislative powers in respect of J&K, limiting it to matters of Defence, External Affairs and Communications
  5. In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of Article 370 of the Constitution, the President, with the concurrence of the Government of State of Jammu and Kashmir, is pleased to make the following Order:
  6. This Order may be called the Constitution Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019.
  7. It supersede the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954.

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